"Printemps dans la Cordillère des Andes" Conférence de Pierre-Olivier Combelles le samedi 13 décembre 2008 à Versailles
PRINTEMPS DANS LA CORDILLERE DES ANDES
Samedi 13 décembre 2008 à Versailles
Né à Versailles en 1955, spécialiste du peintre naturaliste John James Audubon (1875-1851) et du Labrador québécois , Pierre-Olivier Combelles vit depuis une dizaine d’années avec son épouse Katia Humala-Tasso (péruvienne et biologiste de formation) et leurs six enfants entre la France et l’Amérique du sud où ils ont étudié la flore des Hautes Andes du Pérou et de la Bolivie, d’abord dans le cadre universitaire, puis dans celui de la recherche française (IFEA). Ils sont notamment spécialistes de la maca (Lepidium meyenii Walpers), une Brassicacée cultivée au-dessus de 4000m d’altitude depuis des millénaires pour ses qualités alimentaires et thérapeutiques, exportée aujourd’hui dans le monde entier.
En 2004, ils ont acquis le domaine de Pitunilla, dans les Andes méridionales du Pérou, à 3000 m d’altitude, où ils se sont consacrés à l’agriculture et à l’élevage et entrepris la réalisation d’un jardin botanique andin. L’inventaire de la flore et de la faune locales, ainsi que celui du site archéologique voisin d’Incawasi, près du lac Parinacochas, ont été l’une de leurs premières tâches. Dans ce vallon du versant Pacifique, la végétation xérophyte est dominée par le molle (Schinus molle, Anacardiaceae), un arbre au feuillage léger et gracieux, des arbustes épineux et des cactus. La plupart des plantes sauvages fleurissent pendant la courte saison des pluies, de la mi-décembre à mars. On rencontre parmi elles, à l’état sauvage, plusieurs espèces ornementales de nos jardins européens comme la capucine et des Solanacées et Bignionacées arbustives.
La conférence Printemps dans la cordillère des Andes propose une découverte de la flore et de la faune de la région de Pitunilla en partant de la côte désertique du Pacifique, depuis la saison sèche jusqu’à la saison des pluies."
Association des Naturalistes des Yvelines
(ex Société de Sciences Naturelles de Versailles fondée en 1832)
Samedi 13 décembre 2008 à 14H30 précises
1bis, rue Borgnis-Desbordes (Quartier Saint-Louis)
Renseignements : 01 39 53 49 48
"Labourage et pâturage sont les deux mamelles de la France et les vrais mines et trésors du Pérou" Maximilien de Béthune
Illustration de R. Follet dans la "Petite Histoire de France" de H. Servien (Editions de Chiré)
"Labourage et pâturage sont les deux mamelles de la France et les vrais mines et trésors du Pérou."
Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully, ministre du roi Henri IV
La messe à la mémoire des Ducs de Lorraine et de leur famille - et notamment les descendants des Lorraine-Habsbourg - a été célébrée par l'abbé François Weber, prêtre de l'Oratoire Saint-Philippe-Néri, en la chapelle ducale des Cordeliers de Nancy ce dimanche 19 octobre 2008 en présence de nombreux fidèles.
Cette messe est chantée annuellement le troisième dimanche d'octobre à la demande de la Société d'histoire et d'archéologie lorraine et du Musée lorrain. L'office a été magnifiquement animé par la chorale nancéienne Choralliance. L'organisation de la messe annuelle a été prise en charge par Melle Geneviève Tresse, membre actif de la Société d'histoire et d'archéologie lorraine et du Musée Lorrain.
A l'issue de la messe, les fidèles ont pu aller se recueillir sur les tombeaux des ducs défunts dans la chapelle funéraire qui jouxte l'église des Cordeliers.
"La France est le four où cuit le pain intellectuel de l'humanité."
Parole prononcée par le cardinal Eudes de Châteauroux, qui consacra la Sainte-Chapelle, à Paris, en 1248.
Je sais tout ce qu'on a dit sur la dureté orgueilleuse de Sparte. ces critiques sentent l'esprit subalterne. Mon compatriote, le maréchal de Bassompierre, recevant des mousquetaires, un jour qu'il était en train de lire les coutumes de Lacédémone, leur dit: "En vérité, Messieurs, je jurerais que tous les Lacédémoniens étaient autant de Chartreux et de mousquetaires."
Maurice Barrès: Le voyage de Sparte. Editions du Trident, 1987.
This article appears in the February 8, 2008 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
Hooray for the Global Crisis!
by Leonid Ivashov
This article by Mr. Ivashov, General-Colonel, and President of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems, was published in Russian, on the website of the Strategic Culture Foundation (fondsk.ru), on Jan. 26, 2008. The translation into English for EIR is by Rachel Douglas. Subheads have been added. See also Lyndon LaRouche's reply.
Mankind is watching with alarm, as crisis hits the American and world economies.
The G. Bush Administration is seeking a way out of the crisis through war. The President of the U.S.A. has just visited the Mideast, where he attempted to put together an anti-Iran alliance. According to reports received Jan. 25, the members of the UN Security Council have prepared a new draft resolution on Iran. The new version essentially unties the hands of the U.S. President and the Israel lobby in the American Congress for war against the Islamic Republic of Iran.
But, will a new war save the world economy and the world's reserve currency?
The present model of the world financial and economic system is unipolar, with the ruling pole being the country that controls the world currency. And that nation, in turn, is controlled by the owners of major private monetary fortunes.
That is the U.S.A., which functions merely as the instrument of global power and money. The Bilderberger Society's formula says that power is merely a commodity, although it is the most valuable one. Therefore, the wealthiest people should have power.
The United States, despite the seeming democracy of its Presidential elections, is under the power of finance capital. Mao Zedong's aphorism, "Power grows out of the barrel of a gun," sounds different today: "Power grows out of the dollar." If the dollar collapses, however, the financier international and the U.S.A. will be compelled to give up their dream of world rule. And without that dream, America will hardly even be able to survive as a unified nation, because the Americans have no worldview, other than the utopia of world rule.
Patrick J. Buchanan, former advisor to Presidents Nixon and Reagan, and candidate for the Republican Party Presidential nomination in 1992 and 1996, forecast in his book The Death of the West (Russian edition, 2003) that the U.S.A. would split into three independent nations by the year 2025: one African-American, one Hispanic, and one Anglo-Saxon.
Anticipation of a global catastrophe can also be found in the works of F. Fukuyama, E. Wallerstein, S. Huntington, and other well-known researchers.
Of course, such a course of events will be a catastrophe for current generations of Americans, just as the disintegration of the U.S.S.R. was a catastrophe for the majority of its inhabitants. What about the rest of the world?
The collapse of the U.S.A. and the dollar will cause suffering for all countries that are linked to the world currency and integrated into the global market system. But, aren't those peoples suffering from American effrontery already? Aren't nations losing their sovereignty, while the power elites in most of them serve the interests of global capital, rather than the needs of their own population?
Moreover, the very survival of modern civilization is becoming Problem #1 for mankind. Economists, ecologists, demographers, physicists, medical professionals, and anti-globalists warn of this.
Thus, perhaps, we ought not to be sorry about the current crisis of the world economy, but rather welcome its collapse and take the necessary preemptive measures?
The Meaning of Life
But, first we must understand the essence of today's world order. We must think again about the meaning of life, the place of Earth's civilization in the Universe, and our relationship to God. We must remember Plato's conclusion, that the civilization of Atlantis perished precisely because it stopped communicating with Heaven, and sank into a life of luxury and pleasure.
Russian Academicians G.I. Shipov and A.Ye. Akimov have scientifically proven not only the existence of a physical vacuum and of torsion fields, but also the dependency of natural and cosmic phenomena (including catastrophic ones) on the thoughts and worldview principles of mankind, and the state of consciousness of masses of people. A. Einstein also approached an understanding of how the state of affairs on the planet depends on human consciousness.
The world system that was constructed after the disintegration of the U.S.S.R. is a hierarchy that presumes one financially powerful country at its head, while the philosophy of life it imposes is strictly tied to the cult of money and pleasure. It is the first time in the history of mankind, that the economy has become so immoral.
The philosophy of monetarism is based, as the Russian scholar V.G. Sokolenko put it, on "the idea of a union of money and law, or the so-called capitalist absolute ... against which all the great ideas of the epoch of historical Romanticism, and the social revolutions aimed at improving the organization of society, ran aground. By the 20th Century, rationalistic philosophy and liberalism had brought capital to the point of absolute power over the world." (V.G. Sokolenko, Capitalism's Global Rule, Moscow, 2005).
Philosophers, poets, musicians, or explorers of distant worlds are not the ones who set the pitch for people's lives today, but rather financiers and businessmen. Material gain, money, luxury, and power have become the fundamental codes for the great mass of people.
The physical-spiritual dualism of the human being is reduced, more and more, to its "body" component alone. Such a human being, however, is neither of use to Nature, nor acceptable to God. Therefore, he is fated to disappear. For man was created in the image and likeness of God, while his physical existence is sustained by his connection with the plant and animal world, and non-living nature.
The contemporary model of being, based on the ideology of monetarism, ought to be replaced by cognitive, spiritual being. Therein lies the salvation of human civilization. This can be done, only by passing through the furnace of a crisis of the world financial and economic system, wherein the crisis is a means to deprive the global oligarchy of its real power.
Lyndon LaRouche, who has warned repeatedly about the coming collapse, has issued this call: "Rather than continuing the foolish attempts to stimulate the corpse, the United States Government must use its sovereign powers to put its own financial system through bankruptcy proceedings, setting a precedent and providing the context in which other nations can act."
Unfortunately, there are no sovereign governments in the U.S.A., Russia, or Europe. To a limited extent, they exist in China, India, Iran, Japan, and other Eastern countries, and in several Latin American nations. The rest are controlled by the world financial oligarchy.
Three hundred and fifty-eight family clans of billionaires have a combined income that exceeds the combined income of 45% of the Earth's population, in dollar terms. The quintessence of this monstrous inequality is the mafia-style oligarchical syndicate, presided over by the wealthiest people on the planet. They determine how processes unfold in the world, while they themselves remain in the shadows, out of the public eye. They also control the bulk of the planet's resources, finance huge illegal armies and NGOs, and have developed networks of influence within the governments and parliaments of most of the countries in the world.
That is the pinnacle of the unipolar world. This financial oligarchy is incapable, however, of directing world development. It knows how to make money, seize power, and hold that power for the sake of generating additional profit. Nothing short of the collapse of the dollar pyramid will shake that power.
What may be the consequences of a dollar catastrophe?
Thus, mankind will gain a chance to survive. Thus, hooray for the global, merciless, purgative economic and financial crisis!
Strategic Culture Foundation
September 11, 2001: A Global Provocation
Five years that have passed since September 11, 2001, the date when unknown terrorists (declared to be Islamists) delivered an air blow on the twin towers of the U.S. World Trade Center, have produced a slew of new information about the attack, so that the official version of those developments provided by the U.S. government is hardly taken seriously by more than a few people. The conclusions made in relation to the September 11 events were advantageous for the U.S. ruling circles and financial oligarchy behind them, which they themselves may well have organised, are becoming more and more convincing.
The world’s experience shows that terrorism is bred on the aggravations of social, racial, national and other contradictions, on the crush of social relations and the triumph of evil, the decadence of morals and the triumph of cynicism and nihilism as well as if there is an explosive growth of vice and crime. The processes of globalisation are indeed the fertile soil for all these phenomena. They are characterised by revamping the geopolitical map of the world, re-distribution of the planet’s resources, the removal of national frontiers, the break-up of the system of international law, the destruction of original cultures and impoverishment of spiritual and moral life.
At present we have every reason to speak about a systemic crisis of the human civilisation. The absence of new philosophic ideas, the moral crisis, the deformed world outlook, the yearning for the super-wealth and super-authority and cruelty - all lead the way for the human kind towards degradations, and possibly, a catastrophe.
Then there is expansion of the battle for natural resources. The striving of the major powers, primarily the United States as well as trans-nationals to subordinate to their interest economic systems of other states while ensuring themselves control of the most important sources of raw hydrocarbons destabilise the world, aggravating the general state of anxiety, absence of clear vision of life’s prospects and development of many nations and states.
The break-up of the multi-polar world and the disrupted balance of forces have led to the destruction of the system of international security, norms of inter-state relations, and devaluation of the role played by the UN and its Security Council.
The United States and NATO have appropriated the right to determine the fate of other states and to get away with acts of aggression, substituting its legislation for the chartered UN principles. Nothing else but the aggression against the Union Republic of Yugoslavia and against Iraq, the connivance to Israel’s aggressive acts in Lebanon, threats to Syria, Iran and other countries have released enormous energy of resistance, revenge and extremism. This energy has rejuvenated the potential of terror, boomeranging to the West.
Analyses of international processes developing after September 11,2001 provide convincing proof that terrorism facilitates implementation of the goals of the global dominance and subordination of national states to the interests of the world’s oligarchy. Terrorism is not an independent subject of global policies but rather a means of establishing a new world order in the hands of a single global management centre. The chief subject of international terror is what is known as the global elite. None other than it is attempting to organise terror against other countries, including Russia.
The main strikes delivered by the global elite are directed at the traditional historical mode of life of different peoples, the national state arrangement of human civilisation and their national identity.
The use of terror by state and public structures in the present-day conditions is a way of achieving political goals by way of intimidating, bringing psychological pressure to bear upon civilians, the suppression of the political will of different states and the creation of conditions for manipulation of huge human masses.
International terrorism is a tool for waging wars of a new non-traditional type, and in association with the media it becomes one of the subsystems to manage global processes. It is exactly this symbiosis of the media and terror that creates conditions for abrupt turns of the world policies.
What was the significance of the September 11, 2001 terrorist act along these lines? It turned the movement of the global history into a new channel, drawing the final line under the final destruction of the Yalta-Potsdam system of the global order, unleashing the hands of the United States, Great Britain and Israel in their activities directed against other countries in passing over the UN Charter and international agreements, stimulating the growth of the scope of acts of terror.
International terrorism also has another side. Terror has become a radical tool of national liberation struggle, separatism, national and religious dissent as well as a means of competition struggle in politics and economics.
In Afghanistan, Kosovo, Central Asia, the Middle East and the Caucasus terrorism ensures drug trafficking by destabilising the situation along the routes of drug trafficking.
In the conditions of a systemic crisis of international relations terror has taken the shape of an original lethal culture, taking a place of its own in the present-day life. It has stormed its way into European welfare states, it continues torturing Russia and shakes the Middle East and Eastern Asia. It makes the world community take for granted the illegal interference into the internal affairs of different states by force and the destruction of the system of international security. Terror creates the cult of force, making policies pursued by different states and the conduct of governments and population subordinate to it. And the most terrible thing: as we are now facing a new round of warfare for the re-distribution of global resources and control over the world’s key regions terrorism has much in store for it.
The new U.S. National Security Strategy approved by U.S. Congress in 2006 states that the goal of U.S. policies is “ensuring a safe access to the world’s key regions, strategic communications and global resources”, while a means of securing this kind of access can include preventive strikes against any country on the globe. This strategy tends to grow into a preventive strikes doctrine, or nuclear terrorism, which in turn could lead to a wide use (including retaliation) of different types of toxic agents and weapons of mass destruction. The side that has been attacked would – nothing loath – make its own selection of means of retaliation.
A provocation relying on a terrorist act is becoming an efficient means of achieving political goals on the global, regional or local scales. In its time the provocation in the settlement of Rachik in Serbia’s Kosovo served as a pretext for a NATO aggression that led to a break-up of the Union Republic of Yugoslavia and Kosovo’s separation from Serbia. That was a regional scale provocation. Another regional scale provocation was made to vindicate Israel’s aggression against Lebanon in July 2006.
Explosions in London’s Underground, disturbances in Paris in 2005 and 2006 are local level provocations that affected the policies and the public opinion in Great Britain and France.
There are behind most acts of terror practical goals set by influential political forces, trans-national corporations and criminal groups. Almost every act of terror (except those of the national liberation character) is a provocation.
Explosions of the Sunni and Shia mosques in Iraq were also provocations, as well as the capture and murder of members of Russia’s diplomatic mission in Baghdad.
Provocative acts of terror have accompanied mankind throughout its history. Nothing else but provocative acts of terror helped find pretext for unleashing both world wars.
Events of September 11, 2001 were a provocation of the global scale. In this case it is possible to speak about carrying out a global-scale operation that was instrumental in solving several global problems, including:
1. Giving the financial oligarchy and the United States an informal right to resort to military force against any state in the world.
2. Changing the role of the UN Security Council, which is getting more and more traits of being an encourager of the aggressor and an ally of a new global dictatorship.
3. Further strengthening of the U.S. monopoly for the access to resources in actually any part of the world.
4. Carrying out provocation operations is always characterised by the presence of three indispensable elements, including the presence of a contractor, organiser headquarters and the perpetuator. As for the September 11 provocation Al Qaeda could neither act as a contractor nor the headquarters (otherwise what is the need for the CIA, FBI and NSA?). It does not have colossal resources required to order an act of such scale. It also lacks in experience even at the level of effecting regional level operations. All the acts of terror Al Qaeda was really responsible for were acts of a rather primitive nature. It does not have a well-developed agents’ network in the United States that would make it possible to rapidly penetrate dozens of state and private organisations responsible for air transport and systems ensuring their security. Its members could be ordinary performers of an act of terror, but that’s another matter.
As I see it, the entity to order that epochal provocation could be the world’s financial oligarchy aiming to finally establish “the world’s fascist dictatorship of banks” (a Lyndon LaRouche’s phrase) and to take control of the planet’s much-needed hydrocarbon resources. Ensuring of the world dominance to last for a very long time had long been planned. The capture of such a stronghold as Afghanistan, the invasion of Iraq and possibly of Iran that own enormous resources of oil and natural gas and installing military control over the chief routes of hydrocarbon transit were all direct aftermath of September 11,2001 events.
The organiser headquarters of the act of terror perpetuated in New York five years ago could be the generously financed “consortium” of people from the special services, secret Masonic organisations and people responsible for air traffic. Lavishly paid-for media, lawyers and politicians did the information and legal support of the operation. The selection of perpetuators was made according to the principle of ethnic belonging to the nations that own significant oil-and gas resource.
The September 11 operation, whose main goals were achieved, was a success.
The notion of “international terrorism” was introduced in the routine socio-political vocabulary, and the world was led to believe that that was the chief threat to mankind.
A typical image of a new threat has been created: an Islamist from one of the oil-rich nations.
The basic structure of international law of the bipolar world era was finally destroyed, and the notions of aggression, state terror and the right of self-defence were totally distorted.
The right of a nation to resist an aggression, subversive activities of foreign special services and defend its national interests was totally crushed.
Techniques to shelter principal characters interested in the establishment of the world’s dictatorship and global management were installed.
But still, the global war is not yet over. It was only provoked by the September 11 acts of terror. It is just an overture to future developments.
Strategic Culture Foundation
The Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) which convened in Bishkek in August, 2007, stimulated studies dedicated to the organization’s development potential. I think that it is time to back the SCO activities by an adequate modern theory.
Initially, the SCO was established to resolve border disputes between China and four former Soviet Republics. It transpired subsequently that the organization had a much more ranging potential. The idea of creating a substantially stronger formation on the basis of the «Shanghai five» emerged in the Russian Foreign and Defense Ministries in 1998. At that time, I was the head of the Defense Ministry International Military Cooperation Department which worked on the issue jointly with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister G. Karasin. Our endeavors were supported by E. Primakov. Unfortunately, later the project was frozen.
The key ideas underlying the SCO ideology are:
- The unipolar world order is unstable, perilous for mankind, and prone to dictatorship based on military power;
- The global dominance of the liberal market model can result in a global economic imbalance, an intensification of the struggle over natural resources, and the mass extinction due to famine, deceases, and armed conflicts;
- The philosophy of the prosperity limited to the «golden billion» is unacceptable to mankind as it destroys harmony between humans and nature and causes civilizational clashes.
Correspondingly, our proposals were:
- To establish a second pole of global power with the life philosophy and attitude to environment different from those in the West, a pole assigning greater priority to spiritual and moral values, to collectivist tendencies;
- To harmonize the relations between countries and civilizations;
- To create a security system based on a balance of powers and potentials.
The military ministries initiated forming the alliance of the «six» and, subsequently, the SCO when they proposed to consider security issues in a broader context at a meeting in Astana, Kazakhstan, in 2000. NATO's aggressive politics, the tendency of the US to seek military-technological superiority over others countries, attempts to undermine the missile Defense Treaty and SALT, etc. were identified as the commonly faced threats in a joint statement of the defense ministers of the «five». The economic, informational, and ideological security issues were also examined.
Contrary to S. Huntington's concept of the allegedly inevitable clash of civilizations, the conclusion drawn in the SCO framework was that harmonized interactions between civilizations and their mutual assistance were possible. Already during the consultations, the Russian side proposed to invite India and Iran to the new formation. The Chinese side suggested getting Pakistan involved. Later all the partners agreed to Mongolia's membership in the SCO.
Already at this phase, the contours of an alliance of five non-Western civilizations – Russian, Chinese, Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist – began to materialize. Their common features are asserting the priority of collectivism over individualism as well as rejecting the unipolar world structure and the dominance of the monetarist ideology.
Designing the security configuration for the would-be SCO, we proceeded from the concept of the balance of powers both within the organization itself and in East Asia on the whole. This aspect is of key importance to Russia, the Central Asian countries, and the relations in the China-India-Pakistan triangle.
The SCO responsibility and interests zone was demarcated for the first time at the anniversary summit of the organization in 2006. It was stated that the SCO had the potential to play an independent role in Eurasia. I think that it was the SCO potential in the security sphere that made it possible to forge strong links between the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the EU, the OSCE, the League of the Arab States, and the ASEAN, as well as to complement its own potential by interacting with the CIS, the CIS Collective Security Treaty (CST) organization, and the Eurasian Economic Community. Within years from now, the SCO has a chance to evolve into a basis of the collective security system in Eurasia and to influence the global security climate.
Even at present, the SCO with its «6+4» format (6 member-countries and 4 countries with the observer status) has enormous economic and human resources. The territories of the SCO countries comprise 3/5 of Eurasia, their populations make ¼ of the global population or the majority of it if the populations of the observer countries are taken into account. The SCO responsibility zone is extremely rich in natural resources, and its countries have the world's fastest growing economies.
At the same time, the SCO countries face such problems as the recurrent poverty as well as ethnic and religious tensions. In many cases, the philosophy of the SCO elites is focused on achieving high rates of the economic growth rather than those of the economic development. Such orientation emphasizing higher GDP and per capita incomes does not necessarily lead to the development of the countries and peoples, and oftentimes cannot improve the populations' living standards in what concerns culture, science, education, environment, etc.
The SCO was founded as «an organization of a new type» (E. Primakov), its informal prime objectives being to transform the modern world, to make it better and fairer, to arrest the perilous tendencies in the global development.
The SCO can and must have a security system of its own, distinct from NATO or any other military bloc. The same is true of the need to espouse a distinct model of the economic development and to maintain a particular SCO informational space.
A lot is already being done in this respect. The SCO institutional development is in full swing, public organizations in its framework are emerging, and the decision-making process at all levels is growing more specific. Meetings of the leaders, security council secretaries, defense, foreign affairs, and energy ministers of the SCO member-countries are institutionalized and take place on a regular basis. The SCO Business Council has a meaningful agenda. Public healthcare, social support, telecommunications, and transportation projects are implemented. A public coordination council in support of the SCO is established, and the corresponding Russian language internet resources are available.
In the future, the architecture of the SCO international activities will comprise the following interactions
- with regional and global formations;
- bilateral interactions between the SCO and non-SCO countries, between the SCO as a whole and non-SCO countries.
- interactions driven by specific interests.
The SCO has a number of features untypical for other regional integration formations. Its model differs from those of the EU and the ASEAN in both the territorial scale and the spectrum of the tasks it addresses. The SCO is supposed to be a special world without a clearly defined boundary, a world spanning the entire global space. The quadrangle of the new global entity – Brazil, Russia, China, and India – is already taking shape. A triangle capable to consolidate the branches of Islam – Iran, the Saudi Arabia, and Turkey – is also becoming a reality. The above and certain other formations are related to the SCO.
It is a shortcoming of the SCO that it has no ideological foundation such as an inter-civilizational integration theory including the concept and the algorithms of structuring the organization’s enormous space. So far, most of the progress within the SCO is made in the economic and security spheres. Unfortunately, there are still no integration theorists in the SCO countries such as Jacques Maunet and Barry Buzan in the EU.
A special remark must be made on Russia's place and role in the SCO. Russia is both a multi-ethnic country and the kernel of the Orthodox Christian civilization. Under its former name – as the USSR – it has already been one of the two global poles. Russia has a rich experience of socialist development and is gaining the experience of the capitalist one.
In 1938, German philosopher W. Schubart wrote in his Europe and the Soul of the East that it is not Europeans but Russians who have the mindset by which humans can justify their eternal predestination. Russians are guided by the absolute, by the universal feeling, the Messianic soul... When it comes to the main issues of life, Europeans should regard Russians as an example, not vice versa. If Europeans seek to return to the eternal goals of mankind, they should adopt the Russian-Eastern perception of the world.
This is how the heartland expands to the south-east.
Krach : Ivashov ouvre un dialogue avec LaRouche
Dans un article intitulé " Hourra pour la crise globale ", le général russe Leonid Ivashov, président de l’Académie des problèmes géopolitiques, aborde la crise qui frappe l’économie américaine et mondiale. Publié le 26 janvier sur le site de la Fondation de la culture stratégique (fondsk.ru), l’article a été repris sur le site MiK. Dans les deux versions, Ivashov cite l’avertissement de Lyndon LaRouche à propos de l’hyperinflation et son appel à mettre le système financier en redressement judiciaire. Sur MiK, le général, dont les analyses retiennent toujours l’attention de la communauté militaire russe et sont suivies attentivement par les stratèges étrangers, qualifie LaRouche d’" Américain remarquable ", précisant qu’en mai dernier, l’économiste l’avait personnellement prévenu de l’explosion financière globale imminente.
Il est vrai que les analyses de Lyndon LaRouche, traduits en russe, sont largement diffusés et répercutés dans toute la Fédération. C’est le cas de ses propos sur le danger d’hyperinflation, tenus le 22 janvier, aussitôt après la décision de la Fed de baisser ses taux directeurs, qui ont été repris, entre autres, sur Anti-glob.ru, le site de la résistance russe à la mondialisation, et sur Strateger.net, un site ukrainien. L’analyse de LaRouche apporte un contrepoids à l’opinion répandue en Russie, où trop de responsables ont l’illusion que leur pays pourrait, d’une manière ou d’une autre, échapper à la débâcle si le dollar chutait et toute l’économie américaine avec lui.
Ce n’est pas le cas du général Ivashov. Ancien directeur du département international du ministère russe de la Défense, il compte parmi les plus perspicaces et les plus sérieux des analystes russes. Dans son article de fin janvier, après avoir évoqué la crise financière et économique, mais aussi éminemment culturelle à laquelle le monde fait face, il écrit : "Lyndon LaRouche, qui n’a cessé de mettre en garde contre l’effondrement imminent, a lancé cet appel : ‘Au lieu de perpétuer les absurdes tentatives de stimuler un cadavre, le gouvernement des Etats-Unis doit utiliser ses pouvoirs souverains pour mettre son propre système financier en redressement judiciaire, créant ainsi un précédent et fournissant le contexte dans lequel d’autres nations pourront agir.’ "
Le général Ivashov se montre cependant assez pessimiste quant à la perspective que les Etats-Unis suivent effectivement les conseils de LaRouche, qui incarne de toute évidence l’Amérique qu’il aimerait voir émerger. Il envisage deux scénarios, l’un qu’il appelle négatif (le chaos global) et l’autre positif, en cas d’effondrement du dollar. Le positif inclut la remise à l’honneur du rôle de l’Etat, le déclin de la civilisation occidentale (" euro-américaine ") et l’émergence d’un nouveau pôle de pouvoir, basé sur l’Organisation de coopération de Shanghai.
Réagissant à l’article du général Ivashov, mais visant un public international beaucoup plus large, Lyndon LaRouche revient sur l’importance - et aussi les moyens - d’éviter une telle catastrophe. Premièrement, il note que l’erreur de jugement la plus courante aujourd’hui parmi les institutions dirigeantes consiste à analyser les événements du point de vue mécaniste et statistique d’un monde cartésien, alors qu’il faut les situer dans un processus dynamique de type " riemannien ", de manière à voir comment effectuer le changement voulu. Il explique, à nouveau, le rôle unique de la civilisation européenne dans l’histoire, notamment celui de la science, malgré toutes ses perversions, ainsi que l’importance des Etats-Unis en tant que première République, même si sa véritable tradition a été si souvent trahie.
A la vision pessimiste du général Ivashov, LaRouche contrepose des mesures concrètes qui permettraient d’éviter ce scénario du pire que de nombreux Russes et Européens considèrent comme inévitable. Il faut instaurer un système global de coopération entre Etats-nations souverains, qui devrait être initié par quatre grandes puissances, les Etats-Unis, la Russie, la Chine et l’Inde, pour déboucher sur un accord monétaire. En outre, il faut établir un nouveau système international à taux de change fixes et générer une masse de crédit public, sur 25 ou 50 ans, destiné à de grands projets de développement bien définis, à la fois nationaux et internationaux. Il propose de nommer ces accords " les objectifs communs de l’humanité ". " Seule une alliance de ce type, écrit LaRouche, reposant sur des objectifs économiques communs de progrès et de sécurité, nous permettrait de réorganiser de manière ordonnée le système monétaro-financier actuel. Cette approche de la sécurité internationale est la seule viable. "
Repenser le sens de la vie
Le général Ivashov situe le débat sur la crise financière à un niveau philosophique et spirituel fort peu habituel dans le monde militaire et stratégique. Il semble refléter à sa manière les idées développées par Lyndon LaRouche sur l’homme et l’univers, qui s’appuient à leur tour sur la distinction entre biosphère et noosphère établie par le scientifique russe Vernadski. La nature de la crise est telle que les gens cherchent des réponses de fond. C’est pourquoi il nous semble utile de citer ces propos du général Ivashov.
" La survie même de la civilisation moderne devient le problème numéro un pour l’humanité. Economistes, écologistes, démographes, physiciens, professionnels de la santé et anti-mondialistes tirent la sonnette d’alarme.
" Nous devons donc comprendre l’essence de l’ordre mondial actuel. Nous devons repenser au sens de la vie, à la place de la civilisation terrestre dans l’univers et à notre relation à Dieu. Nous devons nous rappeler la conclusion de Platon, selon laquelle la civilisation de l’Atlantide périt précisément parce qu’elle avait cessé de communiquer avec le ciel et sombra dans une vie de luxure et de plaisir.
" Les académiciens russes GI Chipov et Aye Akimov ont établi scientifiquement, non seulement l’existence d’un vide physique et de champs de torsion, mais aussi la manière dont des phénomènes naturels et cosmiques (y compris les phénomènes catastrophiques) dépendent des réflexions et des principes de l’humanité, et de l’état de conscience des populations. Albert Einstein se tourna également vers une compréhension de la manière dont l’état des affaires sur la planète dépend de la conscience humaine. (...)
" Aujourd’hui, ce ne sont pas les philosophes, poètes, musiciens ou explorateurs de mondes lointains qui donnent le ton à la vie des gens, mais plutôt les financiers et les hommes d’affaires. Le gain matériel, l’argent, le luxe et le pouvoir sont devenus les codes fondamentaux de la majorité des gens.
" Le dualisme physique-spirituel de l’être humain se réduit, de plus en plus, à sa seule composante "corps". Un tel être humain, cependant, n’est ni utile à la nature, ni acceptable pour Dieu. Par conséquent, il est condamné à disparaître. Car l’homme a été créé à l’image et à la ressemblance de Dieu, alors que son existence physique est assurée par ses liens avec le monde végétal et animal et avec la nature inorganique.
" Le modèle d’être contemporain, basé sur l’idéologie du monétarisme, doit être remplacé par un être spirituel cognitif. Ceci ne peut être fait qu’en passant par le fourneau d’une crise du système financier et économique mondial, dans laquelle la crise elle-même sert à priver l’oligarchie mondiale de son pouvoir. "