"Redwoods (Sequioia sempervirens) are the giant, magnificent conifers that grow from the Santa Cruz mountains north to the Chetco River in the extreme southwestern corner of Oregon. Throughout much of their range, Native peoples used their wood to build houses and carve canoes. The roots were used in twined basketry in the Klamath river region.
In many dialects of southwestern Oregon Athabaskan and Tolowa, redwoods were called “big yew” (specifically gaschu in Upper Coquille). Presumably they were called ‘big yew’ because of the resemblance of color and arrangement of needles on the branches to the yew tree.
Redwoods were used as a canoe tree far beyond their range. Redwood logs washed up on beaches all along the Oregon coast. It was not unusual for Oregon coastal Indians to use washed up redwoods to make canoes. The Tillamook, a southern Salish speaking people of the northern coast, very much appreciated redwoods. Their word for redwood is kikalálx, derived from the word tatská’al, it’s red; and ká’al, red."